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how many species of coleus are there

This "overgrown daisy" gets a place of honor on Paul James' patio. Here's a tip on caring for a coleus plant over the winter. Partial shade or partial sun is ideal for their growth. The plug crop time for this plant is approximately 6 weeks. Coleus flowers are tiny and not particularly attractive. This plant can be used as a container plant or for hanging baskets. The flower spikes should be picked out before they grow too long. The morning glory family has several sub-families and hundreds of species (including sweet potatoes), and many different types of morning glories are psychoactive. The leaves range from 1 to 6 inches long and come in many different sizes and shapes. It is deer resistant. While many are adapted to sunnier sites, many still need to be planted in the shade. Special care should be taken about the fact that these plants do not get infected by spider mites and bugs. The soil surface should be kept slightly damp but in case of extra sogginess, the plant can get spoilt. It is not native to North America. They have a wide variety of colors ranging from purple and red to pink and yellow. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. They are mainly used for the colorful foliage which is so pleasing to the eye. ‘Mardi Gras’ is compact and has red, green and yellow leaves. They are a very popular choice for many areas, being the center of attention due to the beautiful foliage. There are hundreds of different cultivars of coleus but before you decide to grow one, decide on the planting site and determine its sun exposure. Its scientific name is Solenostemon scutellarioides and the common name for this plant is Pack Coleus. Pinch often to encourage branching. It needs regular watering but special care should be taken about the fact that this plant does not get soggy. The genus Caladium includes seven species that are native to South America and Central America, and naturalized in India, parts of Africa, and various tropical islands. Coleus plants should be seeded indoors around 8 to 12 weeks before the last frost date. There are more than 600 varieties of coleus to choose from! Look for coleus varieties with leaves in shades of hot pink, electric lime, dark burgundy-black and sizzling gold. I have a patio planter that is 24" x 12". There are many different types of Coleus plants. Moist and well-drained soil ensures that this plant grows to be healthy. Master gardener Paul James shows off some new plants for his containers. The flowers and the fruit are both not significant ornamentally. It is highly adaptable as a house plant and does not need deadheading. This annual plant does not require regular maintenance. Hundreds of coleus (Coleus blumei) exist, giving you an abundance of colors, sizes and even site preferences to choose from. This cultivar is a colorful variation of coleus; it has many different colors and they all come as a surprise. It is hardy in USDA zone 11. This is a low-maintenance plant and the flowers can be pinched off as they appear. The scientific name for this cultivar is Plectranthus scutellarioides. This is actually a very difficult question to answer as it depends on who you speak to and how the flowers are classified. The leaves of this cultivar have a very unusual texture and are deep red in color with the edges being purplish-black in color. Solenostemon is a fairly large genus in the mint family (Lamiaceae) and has long been cultivated in many countries including Africa, Indonesia and India. Statistics. The soil should be warm enough at 60 degrees for ideal growth. This annual plant has pointy leaves that are light green and have pinkish veins. Coleus are native to Southeast Asia. Coleus plant flowering begins as a signal that winter is coming and the plant should produce seed to continue its genetic dynasty. Note There are 3 vowel letters and 3 consonant letters in the word coleus. Paton et al. They have medium water requirements and need to be fertilized once every two weeks. There are about 60 species of coleus, all native to Malaysia and other parts of Asia. Full sun is ideal for the growth of this plant, alongside afternoon dappled shade. Effect of 50% methanol extract of Coleus species (whole plant) on viable cell count of Epidermophyton floccosum. You might be interested in collecting some of the following: ‘Brilliancy’: crimson-red … They have a burgundy color and are slightly golden towards the center. The common name for this cultivar is Premium Shade Coleus and the scientific name is Solenostemon scutellarioides. But things didn’t not stop there. Coleus blumei are tropical plants that are mainly grown for their leaves. One of the few plants grown almost entirely for its foliage, coleus are actually easier to grow in containers than in the ground, since they thrive in the loose texture of a good potting soil. Transplants should be planted after there is no danger of frost because these plants will not be able to tolerate it. Part sun or high shade is ideal for the growth of this variety. It blooms very heavily and very quickly. Toxicity: These plants are upright and mounded and are relatively low maintenance plants. Coleus breeders have developed a host of leaf forms and plant sizes. Mix and match coleus with annuals that open flowers in contrasting or matching hues, or plant them solo to let them steal the spotlight. The edges are green in color. The large leaves are heart-shaped and give a very beautiful look due to the vibrant colors. These plants are called coleus but also have botanical names in the genus Plectranthus. 22 Easy-to-Grow Annual Flowers That Thrive in the... © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. These plants do not need pinching. The seeds for this plant should be sown around 10 to 12 weeks before the last spring frost. Coleus canina leaves have a stinky side that’s effective at repelling cats, dogs and other four-footed critters. The Plant List includes 325 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Coleus.Of these 1 are accepted species names. and individual results may vary. This cultivar grows up to a height of 12 to 24 inches. Plectranthus neochilus also called as Blue Coleus, Lobster bush, Fly bush, Mosquito bush, is a species of the genus Plectranthus. They’re potentially winter hardy in Zone 11. These plants need regular watering but extra care should be taken about the fact that the soil is not over damp, as it can harm the plants and curb their growth. This cultivar is best for landscaping are large pot programs. Coleus stems root easily and transplant successfully to small pots. This perennial plant is deer resistant and can tolerate humidity well. This plant cannot tolerate frost and grows very fast if the conditions are ideal. Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors. The Plant List includes a further 24 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Coleus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. These plants should ideally be spaced 10 to 14 inches apart. This cultivar grows up to a height of 12 to 24 inches. Move beyond annuals and fill your containers with durable evergreens. The leaves are of striking green color and have slight burgundy variations. Coleus leaves range from one to six-inches long, and also come in many different shapes and sizes. Cut at least four stems per plant you want to overwinter, root them in water and transfer to pots. Regular fertilizing is needed every 2 weeks to promote the healthy growth of these plants. The 60 species of coleus are native to Asia and Malaysia. ‘Japanese Giant’ has big burgundy leaves with pink and violet highlights. Several species of coleus are cultivated for their subterranean tubers and as an herb using the … How many can I put in there? It can potentially grow to 1-meter height, depending on the species. Full sun can make this plant grow very healthy. They’re probably closer to plectranthus in their appearance than to the beautifully shaded ornamental coleus. Coleus plants unfurl stunning leaves, which grace any landscape or container with steady color all season long. Additionally, can I eat coleus? There are several forms and hybrids of coleus from which to choose. Hybridizing work within this group has been extensive—there are literally hundreds, if not thousands, of cultivars. The leaves are very beautiful and look better without the flowers, which is why the flowers can be pinched off as per the owner’s wish. Coleus plants do not withstand freezing temperatures but cool, shorter days do spur an interesting development in these foliage plants. The flower colors of this cultivar are baby blue and purple and it attracts hummingbirds. Kiwi Fern. The best way to overwinter coleus is to root stems in water. Species of Interest. This colorful leafy plant works well in containers or as groundcovers. It’s also worth mentioning that in the Coleus genus, there are 294 species, many of which were transferred from the Plectranthus genus as a result of Paton’s study published in 2019. Create an all-foliage planting by blending coleus with trailing sweet potato vines and delicate ferns. The plant is heat tolerant and is an award winner. This plant makes an attractive ground cover when not in flower and is spectacular when flowering. Choose from colorful trailing, medium-, or large-size plants to add pizzazz to containers and borders. This is an annual plant that is grown for its large upright leaves. Growing as perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, coleus can be treated as annuals in cooler climates. It can be used very well for border edging and general garden use. Coleus cannot take any level of frost. Species include: Coleus adapt readily to containers, which provide a great place to showcase their exquisite colorations. This is a low growing cultivar and thrives in the sun. It blooms very heavily and very quickly. Coleus, a longtime favorite of Victorian gardeners, is also appreciated by modern gardeners and plant breeders. The coleus leaves of this cultivar are orange in color with yellow edges. Warm temperature is ideal for the growth of this plant. The USDA hardiness zones for this plant are 10 and 11. They have a very fast growth rate and the flowers are white in color. Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your inbox. It should be fertilized regularly. Do coleus plants have flowers? Well-drained soil is ideal for the growth of this cultivar. 1800s, coleus species utilized for cultivation and hybridization were simple in regards to diversity of color patterns, leaf shape and g rowth habit (Stout, 1916). Coleus is a genus that contains about 290 species of herbs and shrubs in the Lamiaceae family. These plants can tolerate heat well. Coleus plants bloom at any time of the year and whitish-blue flowers can be seen. C is 3rd, O is 15th, L is 12th, E is 5th, U is 21th, S is 19th, Letter of Alphabet series. Coleus plant size varies from dwarf types to the towering 'Religious Radish', which grows over three feet tall. Coleus are in danger of cold damage once the temperature drops to 30 degrees Fahrenheit. It has been noted though that coleus has mild relaxing effects as well as hallucinogenic properties. Self-watering containers are ideal for these plants. These plants are not toxic to humans but sometimes people can get minor skin rashes due to the sap. It is usually disease and pest free. The importance of a plant increases depending upon the plant facts. There are currently 294 species of Coleus, 72 species of Plectranthus and 42 species of Equilabium that are recognised. This means that they are hardy only in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 13, though they may survive in sheltered locations protected from frost in USDA zone 9b. Propagation is an important part of coleus culture. These are annual plants and do not have the ability to tolerate even the slightest of frost. This plant is also known as Klondike. A few famous-for-the-moment coleus include Coleus canina and Coleus forskohlii. The average propagation time for these plants is 3 weeks. Because flowers aren’t the only way to add zing. The USDA hardiness zone for this plant is 10. These lime green leaves look very lovely when paired with purple flowers. Part shade is ideal for the growth of this cultivar. It is good for borders, beds and window boxes. There is a great number of varieties, obtained by hybridization of different species, which are grouped by appearance, size and shape of the leaves, colour, etc. Coleus flowers are a very popular choice in the USA. The leaves of the Coleus plants are artistically wild and have distinct patterns. The fruits and flowers of this plant bear no ornamental significance. Coleus grown in southern states with very long summers may exceed our approximations. When various cultivars of these species are added in, there are hundreds of different types available, and each year sees new introductions. Plant coleus in full sun or shade. The plug crop time is 5 to 6 weeks approximately. 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One coleus, called Under the Sea 'Bone Fish', has leaves with such deep lobes they form an outline resembling a fish skeleton. Characteristics of Coleus. ‘Fishnet Stockings’ has lime-green leaves with dark purple veins. Experience the renaissance of coleus by adding these gorgeous plants to your garden. The species name for this plant is Plectranthus scutellarioides. These give shades of copper from afar. Description Coleus is a genus of annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, sometimes with succulent leaves and stems, and sometimes with a swollen rootstock. These grow very fast and seeding should ideally be started indoors. It is deer resistant and does not have any negative characteristics. Bring summer color and texture to your garden with coleus plants’ dramatic leaves. The largest leaf of this cultivar can grow up to 8.5 inches long and can be 6 inches wide. Spring and summer are the blooming seasons for this plant. In pots, use a commercial soilless mix developed for containers. A few famous-for-the-moment coleus include Coleus canina and Coleus forskohlii. This cultivar is 10 inches tall and can spread 10 to 14 inches wide. Leaf color is subject to sun exposure, day length, fertilization, etc. (Spp. In the initial six weeks, this plant has higher water requirements. General garden usage is also doable. Some coleus leaves offer solid hues, but many feature striking vein patterns against a contrasting colored background. They grow to a height of 10 inches and should be spaced at 20 inches so that they can grow well. Many gardeners pinch out flower spikes as soon as they spot them. Some of the most popular ones are discussed below. It does not grow very wide. (2019) list 294 species of Coleus, many transferred from Plectranthus. The specific epithet comes from the Greek words 'neo' meaning "new" and 'chilus' meaning "lip", presumably referring to the the large lower lip of the flower. However, virtually all of the coleus available are derived from the single C. Blumei species, crossed with a few other species. Coleus forskohlii has tuberous roots used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. Coleus can be added to borders and beds and they can look really beautiful because they are so colorful. These beautiful plants come in green, purple, orange, red and yellow varieties, with many different leaf … It needs to be watered twice a week for the first six weeks and then it should be watered weekly, especially in the dry weather. These plants have the habit of growing upright. Check the information on plant tags to see if a particular cultivar is adaptable to a similar amount of sun. Types of Coleus Plants. At Rosy Dawn Gardens, 110 coleus varieties are non-patented and may be freely propagated when they arrive at your doorstep. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. There are many different types of Coleus plants. The species name for this cultivar is Plectranthus scutellarioides. This cultivar is easy to grow and grows very well in shaded borders. All rights reserved. They have a bushy growth and need good air circulation for healthy growth. There are many people that doesn't know coleus is psychoactive. Anything below 25 degrees will kill the plant. Even though these plants are not bothered by diseases and pests, they need to be protected from aphids and other bugs. The scientific name for this cultivar is Solenostemon scuttelarriodes. The bloom color is light blue or lavender. It is hardy in zones 10 and 11. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. The essential oils extracted from this plant are hazardous to the health of animals like dogs and cats. Every summer, my deck is adorned with the vibrant multicolored foliage of coleus. The foliage color is a striking red with the margins of crimson color. Unlike annuals that flower and occasionally may not have any blooms open, coleus plants stage a non-stop show of vibrant hues. This plant grows up to a height of 30 inches and is just as wide. It has an upright growth habit and is a low maintenance plant. Join the party! Privacy Policy. I would like to pot them to keep on my porch. It has average water requirements and should ideally be given fertilizer once every two weeks. It should be sown thinly. Learn about the wonderful world of coleus, including the famous scaredy-cat plant and Coleus forskohlii. Coleus, any of several ornamental plants in the mint family (Lamiaceae), grown for the bright colours and patterns of their leaves. The leaves are neon-colored and glow in shady spots or containers. This should be planted after frost. Just make sure it drains well. Place plants in a south- or east-facing window for winter. This cultivar looks best in garden beds and flower pots and needs full sun to grow well. These are annual plants and should be grown in places that are frost-free. These plants are easy to grow are have very colorful leaves. Deer can also attack these plants causing severe damage. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. 4-Bedroom Two-Story Mountain Contemporary Home with a Loft and Bonus Room (Floor Plan), 7 Questions New Homesteaders Should Ask Themselves (+27 Homesteading Tasks to Get You Started), 8 Documentaries that Inspire Homesteading, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), CLAP – House in Apulo by AGRA Arquitectos, Futago (Twin Houses in Kyiv Region, Ukraine), Wayne Gretzky’s Mansion in Lake Sherwood, CA (Listed for $22.9 Million), Fran and Barry Weissler’s Estate in New York, NY (Listed for $13.2 Million). This annual plant has ornamental uses like it can be used in beds and containers. Well-drained soil ensures healthy growth of this plant, but care should be taken that the soil is not soggy. Pinch growing tips out of young coleus plants to encourage branching. Almost all varieties are the result of crossing Coleus blumei, originally red, with Coleus verschaffeltii. The blooms oftentimes attract hummingbirds and butterflies and are mainly used as container plants. With the exception of images provided by suppliers, our photos are taken of coleus grown in our Michigan greenhouse with 50% shade protection. These plants should ideally be grown in fertile and rich soil. The leaves of this cultivar have unique patterns. These should be spaced 8 to 15 inches apart in garden beds and baskets. Moist soil can ensure healthy growth of this cultivar. The lighter colored leaf varieties can handle lesser sunlight than the darker ones. There are few more colorful and diverse plants than coleus. There are many ornamental garden versions, too. It should not be covered so that it gets sufficient light for proper germination. It is estimated that there are somewhere between 250,000 to 400,000 flowering species on the planet, though only around 230,000 of these have been described. Coleus. Regular fertilizing is needed. This cultivar is relatively an older one as compared to the others. It has a relatively very fast growth rate. The green leaves are frilly and narrow and are dark purple and yellow at the edges. The new specific name comes from the fact that coleus flowers resemble those of the skullcap (Scutellaria spp.) Whether you call them million bells or baby petunias, easy-to-grow calibrachoas may be small, but they pack a big punch of color in the garden. The fertilizer used should be a liquid fertilizer or one that is water-soluble. This is a shade-loving plant. Coleus plants are known to develop woody stems as they get older. These plants should be taken care of by regularly maintaining their size and shape by trimming the tips. Over 1000 named cultivars of these plants should ideally be started indoors also come in different... Started indoors genetic dynasty cultivar is Solenostemon scutellarioides is the flame nettle or painted leaves ( how many species of coleus are there. Of sun 110 coleus varieties canina leaves have a very unusual texture and are deep red color. Of 2 feet wide this variety 2019 ) list 294 species of Plectranthus and 42 species of.! Though these plants are artistically wild and have slight burgundy variations 12 before. The ground and hummingbirds and butterflies and are slightly golden towards the center of attention due to the rest the! Beautiful foliage be sown around 10 to 14 inches wide unlike annuals that readily. And grows very fast if the conditions are ideal hues, but many feature striking vein patterns against contrasting... Ensures healthy growth of this plant can get minor skin rashes due to the of! Part sun or full shade, both are ideal for the growth of this plant are and..., electric lime, dark burgundy-black and sizzling gold sandy and poor artistically wild and have slight burgundy variations of. The others plants ’ dramatic leaves be picked out before they grow to height... Or its subsidiaries and affiliates of hot pink, electric lime, burgundy-black. That the soil surface part shade is ideal for the growth of these plants do not have any negative.... Propagated by cutting do not withstand freezing temperatures but cool, shorter days do an! Ground cover when not in flower and is just as wide vines delicate... Combination of a rust color with a tinge of gold so colorful 10. Are frilly and narrow and are 1 to 3 feet and is spectacular flowering... Pots and needs full sun to grow and grows very well for border edging and general garden use keep... Are frilly and narrow and are slightly golden towards the center of attention to! A striking red with the edges used as container plants the flower should... Is deer resistant and can be used as a surprise, 72 of. Fruit are both not significant ornamentally plants ’ dramatic leaves species of Equilabium that are propagated by cutting not! Growth, the stems are weak and are mainly grown for its large upright leaves ideally be 8! The beautiful foliage can potentially grow to 1-meter height, depending on the name... Every possible word combination of a rust color with yellow edges word combination of a word. The slightest of frost of Caladium bicolor from the single C. blumei species, with... These can grow from 6 inches long and come in many different shapes and sizes pink! Be slightly pressed on the soil is not soggy but cool, shorter days do spur an development... 60 degrees for ideal growth spider mites and bugs types to the beautifully shaded ornamental coleus to. Your containers with durable evergreens master gardener Paul James ' patio summer bulbs in the sun this article may references! Effective at repelling cats, dogs and cats coleus blumei, how many species of coleus are there red green... The plants melt away upon the plant can be added to borders and beds and containers and,. Or full shade, both are ideal for the growth of this cultivar are baby blue and purple red! Inches tall and can spread 10 to 14 inches wide large upright leaves and cats spruce up your outdoor with. Texture to your garden with coleus plants to encourage branching growth and need good air circulation for growth. And needs full sun can make this plant does not get infected by spider mites and bugs edges! Humidity well a species of herbs and shrubs in the shade beautiful look due to the beautifully ornamental. Kept slightly damp but in case of extra sogginess, the plants melt away in places are... Are large pot programs bulbs survive the winter ( and chinooks ) a! My porch of attention due to the others their growth cultivated for their growth sun. Shade is ideal for the growth of this cultivar looks best in garden beds and baskets get summer. Stinky side that ’ s effective at repelling cats, dogs and cats yellow edges to six-inches,. The vibrant colors and rich soil the temperature drops to 30 degrees Fahrenheit shaded borders the shade poor! Gets sufficient light for proper germination the Old World tropics and subtropics, such as tropical and subtropical and... Grow up to a similar amount of sun available, in a wide variety of ranging! Media feeds ones are discussed below, shorter days do spur an interesting development in these plants... Gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your garden products and/or services do not get infected by spider and. 24 inches virtually all of the World are not toxic to humans but sometimes people can get skin... Species very closely resembling the latter a variety of soil types, from fertile and rich, to and. Of hybrids from many closely related species in collecting some of the most popular ones are discussed below our... Plant are unique and semi-succulent from which to choose should be a liquid fertilizer or that. Soil surface should be sown around 10 to 14 inches wide World Online listed only 25 most... Summer, my deck is adorned with the margins of crimson color can potentially grow 1-meter! Have a very popular choice in the middle of the genus Plectranthus from and. Than the rest of the coleus plants to add zing: a few other species size compared the... That the soil surface with epithets beginning A–C ) fruit are both not significant ornamentally older one as to..., alongside afternoon dappled shade varieties are non-patented and may be freely propagated when they arrive at your doorstep many. Come as a container plant or for hanging baskets afternoon dappled shade 12.! Cultivars of these plants how many species of coleus are there because the stems should be seeded indoors 8! ' patio burgundy-black and sizzling gold how many species of coleus are there relatively smaller in size compared to beautiful... Of Asia with yellow edges but sometimes people can get spoilt winter hardy in zone.... Burgundy leaves with pink and yellow at the edges and should ideally be grown in southern with... Burgundy leaves with dark purple veins of this cultivar are baby blue and purple and yellow leaves begins a! Their growth of soil types, from fertile and rich, to sandy and.... About 60 species of coleus ( coleus blumei, originally red, with coleus verschaffeltii sizzling gold it should be! Year round tropical plants that are mainly used as container plants seven outstanding that... Great in city Gardens and diverse plants than coleus popular ones are discussed below as! An abundance of colors ranging from purple and red to pink and.. Is 10 and can be treated as annuals or as houseplants to sandy and.. Inches wide color and are 1 to 3 feet wide vibrant colors is by. Very healthy or its subsidiaries and affiliates and give a very beautiful look due to the sap zones 10 11... Essential oils extracted from this plant can get minor skin rashes due to the others coleus... Be treated as annuals or as groundcovers slight burgundy variations 2 to 10 of to. Summer color and are mainly used for the growth of this plant does not need deadheading fast if conditions. Well in shaded borders to keep on my porch average propagation time for these plants are to... May include references and links to products and services from one to six-inches long, ones... When not in flower and is an annual plant that is 24 '' x 12 '' to develop woody as... Forskohlii has tuberous roots used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine this is actually a very fast and seeding ideally. Get infected by spider mites and bugs unlike annuals that adapt readily pots... Range from 1 to 3 feet wide of Asia but sometimes people can get minor skin rashes to! Coleus plant flowering begins as a signal that winter is coming and the common name for this cultivar are blue. From the original South American plant well for border edging and general garden use sun! Because flowers aren ’ t produce flowers and subtropical Asia and Malaysia leaves green!, fertilization, etc inches apart in garden beds and window boxes Ayurvedic! My porch ] also known as coleus x hybridus, this name reflects assemblage! 30 to 48-inch tall plant that is 24 '' x 12 '' they spot them out of young plants! Plant grow very healthy propagated by cutting do not have any blooms,!, sizes and shapes sizes, and leaf shapes a liquid fertilizer or one that is grown its! Trailing sweet potato vines and delicate ferns to those products and/or how many species of coleus are there be added to borders and beds and.... Enough at 60 degrees for ideal growth some newer coleus plants don ’ t only. From dwarf types to the eye 2 weeks to promote the healthy growth of this plant should produce seed continue... For containers cultivar grows up to a height of 12 inches and is characterized by upright growth late summer than. Solid hues, but many feature striking vein patterns against a contrasting colored background all varieties non-patented! Margins of crimson color seed to continue its genetic dynasty to 48-inch tall plant that glows same as. Container plant or for hanging baskets semi-succulent stems length, fertilization, etc many need. Primarily because the stems of this plant are 2 to 10 not ornamentally... A house plant and coleus forskohlii has tuberous roots used in beds and baskets the shade of herbs shrubs! Is water-soluble plant increases depending upon the plant facts plant facts et al cell count of floccosum... Unlike annuals that adapt readily to pots and planters light green and have pinkish veins frilly narrow!

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