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Chinnar WLS 262. Annual in cold areas. for pregnant women and a decoction has been The plant flowers naturally during a short-day period thus seed production is fast. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Medicinal properties Medicinal parts Has medicinal uses no Do not self-administer no Do no use if pregnant no Legally restricted no Toxicity precautions Medicinal notes It has a delicate spinach taste. Alugbati is a succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length. Basella alba is a herb, naked succulent with a branched, creeping stem.The leaves are simple and all arranged alternatively on the stem, oval in shape with short petiole, heart-shaped base and a pointed or gently rounded apex. The fruits mature to a deep purple, it doesn't have any flavor really and makes a good dye in frostings, etc. Always seek advice from a medical practitioner. 5 B. rubra L. commonly known as Malabar or Indian spinach is commonly consumed green leafy vegetable in southern parts of India. Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons Stewart, Punjab Pl. In India have been used Basella leaves and stem It is mostly present in Asian and African countries and is widely used as additional content in preparing Although both green and red leaves variety are eaten as vegetable but green variety is cultivated commercially. Free radicals damage skin cells that result in wrinkles and blemish skin. Gaertn., Cynosurus coracanus Linn. Thenmala Div. The red variety has attractive red stems and pink veins on leaves. The plant has medicinal use and the leaves are used to treat Stomatitis-inflamation of the mucous membrane of the mouth. Genus: Basella Species: Basella rubra. There are two varieties but having the same taste; the Alba type which has white flowers and green vines and the Rubra type that has pinkish flowers and purplish vines. Caraka said that Potaki can be used for alleviates white or violet cluster flowers are peduncles. Madras 1185(830). Basella rubra is a popular green leafy vegetable in South India bearing red‐violet fruits that accumulate betalains. Its leaf paste is used to treat Boils. Family: Chenopodiaceae It is a popular backyard garden plant that grows in tropical weather. Family: Madeira vine (Basellaceae) Hardy to zone 9 to 13, otherwise grown as an annual, producing edible leaves in as few as 55 days. Stems are purplish or green … It helps in elevating the Blood Cell concentration. Pl. Its use has been discovered as asperient, rubefacient and for catarrhl infections. MEDICINAL USES Basella alba / rubra have long tradition of use for its nutritious and medicinal values, but even in South-east Asia it seems to be out off mainstream herbalism. Alugbati, malabar nightshade, Basella rubra / spinach vine: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. my name is michael and i am searching for a title to propose for my thesis. Juice from fruits is used as eye drops for conjunctivitis. Alappuzha Dist. Brit. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). f., Fl. Basella alba L., Sp. and ulcers to hasten suppuration. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves, Edible Stems) Food (Fruit & Vegetable : The leaves and stem tips are eaten cooked or raw as a vegetable in many countries. ) Basella alba, commonly called Malabar spinach, is native to the East Indies. ... Review on medicinal plants . Ground leaves of Basella alba are rubbed on the Ayurveda Alternative Medicine, But Is It Holistic? Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. If you feel you can make a contribution, please let us know by sending email to email@example.com, we may consider your request. necrosis. Please. Both have similar health benefits. Description. The effects of the a queous leaf extract of . In China it is claimed to reduce fever and neutralize poison. 598. and increase milk production[, The plant is febrifuge; its juice is a safe aperient rubra, often listed as Basella rubra). Hibiscus aculeatus, Hibiscus furcatus Roxb. Basella alba, commonly called Malabar spinach, is native to the East Indies. 1753; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. In South-east Asia it has been consumed for centuries for malaria, melanoma, leukemia and oral cancers, catarhh, mouth ulcers, dysentery, stomach pains, anorexia, haemoptisis, strangury, sexual weakness, irregular periods, to increase milk production in breastfeeding mothers, and applied topicly in form of smashed leaves on bruises, wounds, burns, skin inflammations, urticaria, sores, scalds, fungal infections, boils, acne, freckles, pruritic skin lesions, snakebites and on forehead for headaches. Calicut 247. Basella alba is an evergreen Perennial Climber growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. Basella alba is an edible perennial vine in the family Basellaceae.It is found in tropical Asia and Africa where it is widely used as a leaf vegetable.It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and New Guinea.It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia. Uses. Small purple-white flowers may appear at the end of the summer (plants will not flower until daylight decreases to less than 12 hours per day). A stopgap variety named “Pulahan” with red stem and the green stem called “Luntian” was released in 1981 by the Institute of Plant Breeding. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Astringent - the cooked roots are used in the treatment of diarrhoea. 2010).It is a succulent-branched climber and the tender shoots are used as a cool season vegetable. Pl. This leafy vegetable has many names - Malabar spinach, Indian spinach, Vine spinach, Ceylon spinach, Creeping spinach and ‘Bassale-soppu’ in Karnataka. Various parts of the plant are used for treatment of the diseases as well as for different healing activities of human beings as well as animals across the globe especially in India and China. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Basella Alba is a herb used commonly alongside Hibiscus macranthus for the purpose of fertility. 2016. Leaf-juice mixed with butter, is soothing and cooling when applied to burns and scald. An infusion of the leaves is used as tea. Demand for Malabar spinach may be driven by its health benefits. Eleusine coracana (Linn.) Leaves and stems have been used as anticancer for melanoma, leukemia, and oral cancer. Laxative - the cooked leaves and stems are used. Currently unavailable. Green Malabar spinach is the lighter, green cousin. cooling when applied to burns and scald . The flowers are used as an antidote to poisons. Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants placenta, membranes after birth, stomach pains ex L. Common Name: Indian Spinach. Its leaf juice is a good herbal treatment for Catarrh. Delicate spinach taste - has somewhat the odor of Ocicmum basilicum. Basella is rich in vitamins A, B and C, iron and calcium. Perennial. Stud. paste causes diarrhea and in Susruta Samhita Pulped leaves applied to boils, warts, pimples and ulcers to hasten suppuration. • Study of wild Basella rubra showed it to be abundant in carotene, middle in vitamin C, and low in nitrate. It belongs to the Basellaceae family. The information contained within this website is for educational purposes only. Latin name: Basella alba Synonyms: Basella rubra Family: Basellaceae Medicinal use of Indian Spinach: Astringent - the cooked roots are used in the treatment of diarrhoea. Heavy going if you are not into the subject. Antioxidants like ß-carotene, zeaxanthin, lutein, Vitamin A and Vitamin C provides protection from free radicals. Spinach, Red Malabar, Red Malabar Spinach, Basella Rubra, 4in potted plants, GMO Free, Medicinal Plants All plants ship on Monday and Tuesday to avoid sitting over the weekend in shipping. The plant has medicinal use and the leaves are used to treat Stomatitis-inflamation of the mucous membrane of the mouth. Medicinal ( In Chinese folk medicine, leaves and stems are used as laxative, while flowers are used as poison antidotes. This leafy vegetable has many names - Malabar spinach, Indian spinach, Vine spinach, Ceylon spinach, Creeping spinach and ‘Bassale-soppu’ in Karnataka. foliage is a rich source of nutritionally and nutraceuticals important compounds. It appears in two forms, green one, called in latin Basella alba (alba means white and refer to its white flowers) and Basella rubra (rubra means red) with highly ornamental bordo-red stems and veins of leaves. (2006) LV ground with sour buttermilk and salt, preparing as a poultice: N/A: Habitual intake of Basella rubra could cure ‘arbuda’ – one type of tumour in Ayurveda: N/A It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Louis as an annual leafy vegetable for cultivation of its edible spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Responds well to pruning and nitrogen fertilizer. Healthy heart, Treats depression, Prevent dementia, Treatment for cancer, Pregnancy. Kingdom: Plantae - Plants Use fresh (raw) or cooked - mixed with stew or other vegetables. Two vines are sufficient to supply a small family all summer and autumn. It creeps when temperatures are cool, but leaps when the mercury hits 90 F. (Basellaceae) includes two major varieties such as Basella alba (green stem and leaves) and Basella rubra (red-violet stem, leaves and fruits). Basella rubra L. Basella volubilis Salisb. 1995. To get the juice from the leaves,it is often boiled or pressed to obtain the thick resin. oral cancer. The purple juice, obtained from the crushed fruit, was used as a dye for stamps to imprint on documents, and as rouge to brighten cheeks. Chenninayakam - the secret weapon to start with weaning off in holistic way! Basella spp. Caraka says that, Potaki cooked with sesame Fruits : Basella fruit contains Gomphrenin Threonine, Valine, Methionine and Leucine, 1. The fruits mature to a deep purple, it doesn't have any flavor really and makes a … Alugbati, malabar nightshade, Basella rubra / spinach vine: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart These species contain natural antioxidants that are needed by humans. hermaphrodite about 4 mm long. Basella alba – stems are green in color Basella rubra – reddish – purple stem. Thank you. rubra, often listed as Basella rubra). Use high-nitrogen fertilizer to speed up growth. dysentery. In Cameroon it is taken for malaria. : Fleshy, stalk less, ovoid or nearly Bone cells remodel non-stop, therefore, a regular supply of calcium is required to support the formation of new cells. Other common names include Vine Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, ... Health Benefits of Malabar Spinach. Malabar spinach is high in Vitamin A (100 grams … It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Gandola nigra (Lour.) This article is incomplete. Microbial Strains & Culture media: The organisms are Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger, and Vibrio cholerae. Quilon Dist. Leaves are almost heart-shaped, alternate, short petioled, thick, semi-succulent, colored from green to purple - have a mild flavor and mucilaginous texture. Also known as Indian spinach, Ceylon spinach, basella, vine spinach Basella alba Basellaceae Family The leaves from this heat-loving vine have a mild flavor and are used like spinach in salads and cooking. Sugared juice of leaves is useful for catarrhal afflictions. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. spherical, 5 to 6 mm long and purple Histochemical staining method was performed to locate phytochemicals such as alkaloid, ascorbic acid, polyphenols, tannins and terpenoids synthesized by B.rubra plant. 177.1869; Subram., Fl. Basella alba is a herb, naked succulent with a branched, creeping stem.The leaves are simple and all arranged alternatively on the stem, oval in shape with short petiole, heart … Basella rubra is typically cultivated as landscape ornamental plants, while B. alba and B. cordifolia are the species preferred for dietary uses. Gandola nigra (Lour.) Basella rubra L., Sp. Related to and differentiated from Basella alba, which has darker green leaves, green stems and white flowers.Fast-growing and grown in economic or vegetable gardens for food and as ornamental. The red variety has attractive red stems and pink veins on leaves. 677. The different extracts of Basella rubra were freshly prepared and used at a concentration of 50µg/ml for evaluating their antimicrobial activity. A paste of the root is applied to swellings and is also used as a rubefacient. 41 thoughts on “ Alugbati – Scientific name: Basella rubra Linn ” michael manalo March 11, 2009 at 7:16 pm. Malappuram Dist. Rubra seems to be slightly higher in antioxidants, probably due to the purple color. The list of beneficial vitamins and minerals found in Basella rubra is impressive; notably vitamin A and vitamin C are both present. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. A paste of the root is applied to swellings and is also used as a rubefacient. D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Basella alba is a succulent, branched, twining herbaceous, perennial plant which is cultivated as a vegetable. Seed The succulent mucilage is a particularly rich source of soluble fiber, thought to remove mucus and toxins from the body. Basella alba L. var. Due to its abundant source of Vitamin A and Vitamin C, it proves much more beneficial. Basella rubra L. Basella volubilis Salisb. Raf. Decoction of leaves used for a mild laxative effect. The Basella alba is the commonest in Ghana. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. elimination of urine and faeces. http://envis.frlht.org/. Ayurveda recommends Baselle in the treatment of several conditions such as anaemia, cough, dysentery and diarrhoea and as a poultice and in the treatment of mouth ulcers in south India. Pulped leaves applied to boils, warts, pimples Pasalai keerai or Malabar spinach is scientifically named as, Basella Alba or Basella Rubra. How to Plant Basella Alba. Pea-size, dark purple, juicy fruits follow. Even though there have been many scientifical studies that confirmed its healing actions, its traditional medical applications (Ayourveda and Sidha) are mainly forgotten. It is succulent, branched and smooth. The succulent mucilage is a rich source of soluble fibre. The list of beneficial vitamins and minerals found in Basella rubra is impressive; notably vitamin A and vitamin C are both present. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. proteins revealed presence of Lysine, cordate base. Leaves: : Green in colour, glossy surface, Parambikulam WLS 257. The leaves have diuretic action. Periyar Tiger Reserve 330. 332. The combination has been found to increase testosterone in rats, and Basella appears to … Some species from this family were formerly placed in the Chenopodiaceae or Portulacaceae ().Basella cananifolia is an invalid name for B. alba (The Plant List, 2013). can you give me a title fo my title using alugbati. Spinach Protects And Nourish Eye. Prefers moist, well-drained, rich loamy soils of pH 4.5 - 7.0. derivative which is Betalain pigment . Pulped leaves applied to boils and ulcers to hasten suppuration. Perennial climbing vine native to … was found to contain Palmitic, Oleic, Basella alba is an evergreen Perennial Climber growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. Basella alba is a popular leafy vegetable. Nderema commonly known as Malabar Spinach is scientifically known as Basella Alba or Basella Rubra. 5 Basella spp. into the animal vagina every morning for the tapering to a pointed tip with a The flowers are used as an antidote to poisons. India 5: 20. Annual in cold areas. Bone Health. Your email address will not be published. Rating: x Customer Review - Basella rubra x. It can be grown as an annual, leafy vegetable for the cultivation of its edible, spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. Edible landscaping plant - a fast-growing, soft-stemmed perennial vine. Flowers: : The inconspicuous bisexual pinkish Stem and leaves are used as mild laxative, diuretic and antipyretic. Harmful effects of free radicals are at cellular level. – green (Basella alba) and red (Basella alba cv. Flower type is and it looked intersting about alugbati. 675. Basella rubra belongs to the family Basellaceae, ... reduce anaemia a nd maintain g ood health. Vitamin B9 (12.50%) Iron (8.13%) Calcium (5.50%) Copper (5.44%) Magnesium (5.00%) Health benefits. The use of medicinal plants as raw materials in the production of new drugs is increasing day by day because of their potentials in combating the problem of drug resistance in micro-organisms3. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Stem and leaves are used as mild laxative, There are two types: Basella rubra and Basella alba. Spikes are axillary, solitary, coli was best inhibited microorganism with a mean inhibition zone of (12.57±0.99) while S. typhi was the least inhibited with a mean inhibition zone of (9.80±0.90). is used as an anti-fertility agent after Young leaves and tips are used like spinach in cooking and salad. In vitro micropropagation protocol for Basella rubra regeneration was tried through proliferation of axillary shoots of the potted mature plant. It is also known as Vine spinach in many Asian countries. The leaf juice is a demulcent, used in cases of The nodal shoot segments from matured potted plant were used to initiate the multiple shoot proliferation. The Basellaceae family comprises four genera and 20 species. 297. somewhat fleshy, ovate or heartshaped, 5 to 12 cm long, stalked, Basella alba: Botanical and Chemical Characteristics Morphology and Taxonomy. Basella alba on haematological and . 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Fruit & for anticancer such as melanoma, leukemia and There are two types- B. alba which has green stems and leaves and B. rubra which has purple stems and dark green leaves. It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Louis as (1) an annual leafy vegetable for cultivation of its edible spinach-like stems and leaves or (2) as an ornamental foliage vine. We might be out of stock for this specific plant. Basella alba is a popular leafy vegetable. Sugared juice of leaves is useful for catarrhal Health benefits of Basella (vine spinach) Basella is one of versatile leafy green vegetable and revered in some East Asian cultures for its wholesome... Basella is very low in calories and fats (100 grams of raw leaves provide just 19 calories). 1984; Babu, Fl. We don't know when or if this item will be back in stock. Morphology Malabar spinach is a twining herbaceous vine reaching up to 10 meters in length. Another good reason to eat malabar spinach is that it has a good amount of antioxidants, particularly beta carotene and lutein, those naturally occurring chemicals that help keep your cells from aging. 2001). Leaf juice mixed with butter applied to burns and scalds for a soothing and cooling effect. Linoleic and Linolenic acid. Can grow in a variety of moist garden soil (pH6.1 - 7.8). Basella mucilage has been used in Thai traditional medicine as topical application for irritant, bruise, ringworm and laboring. Medicinal properties Medicinal parts Has medicinal uses no Do not self-administer no Do no use if pregnant no Legally restricted no Toxicity precautions Medicinal notes It has a delicate spinach taste. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). It is cooked with fish in Bengali cuisine, and in stir fries and soups in Chinese or Vietnamese food. This is a fast-growing tropical vine that, if trained on a support, will rise to 6 tall in a single season. 5 to 29 cm long. The gel obtained from the mucilage used as medicines for skin problems due to its antioxidant activity (Toshiyuki et al. High in vitamin A and C, iron and calcium. Introduction. It is known as a backyard herb. 272. Subkingdom: Streptophyta Medicinal Plant Malabar Spinach (Basella alba rubra) Malabar Spinach is used as cooling medicine in digestive disorders. But lack of other differences in its outlook is bringing those names to be interchanged in use for both varieties together. Department of Biotechnology, The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore 560102, Karnataka, India ABSTRACT The ethanobotanical properties of Basella alba have been reviewed in this article. treatment of sterility, The fruit provides dark violet color for food Ideal for soups, salads and stir-fries. Various medicinal properties of Other names include basella, Ceylon spinach, climbing spinach, Surinam spinach, Indian spinach, slippery vegetable, Malabar nightshade, vine spinach, and vine vegetable. The Name: Red Malabar Spinach Scientific Name: Basella Rubra This beautiful plant is not a true spinach but a different species (basella rubra). Extremely frost-sensitive. thanks. Review Title : Comments : Rating : Your Name : Email : Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed perennial vine up to 33 feet (10 m) long. Use to thicken soups or can be stir-fried with garlic and chili peppers. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. rubra (L.f.) J.L. The ethanobotanical properties of Basella alba have been reviewed in this article. menstrual periods[, In India have been used Basella leaves and stem used to alleviate/ease labour, A review of the taxonomy, ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of, In Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh, the root of Poya In the Philippines it is used gonorrhea and balanitis. for anticancer such as melanoma, leukemia and human hand to introduce the whole preparation Although in a different family than spinach, the leaves taste like spinach and, unlike spinach, the plants thrive in hot summer weather. Even though there have been many scientifical studies that confirmed its healing actions, its traditional medical applications (Ayourveda and Sidha) are mainly forgotten. The improved seed germination (70%) was recorded upon 2% urea treatment. A tropical perennial, Malabar spinach can also be grown as an annual, and flourishes in hot, humid climates and moist, fertile, well-drained soils. colorant, Root and leaves has been used for the removal of borne on spikes or branching Low in calories by volume, and high in protein per calorie. It belongs to the Basellaceae family. hi there, i am a third year college taking up a biology degree in western mindanao state university. – green (Basella alba) and red (Basella alba cv. The taste is very earthy and very versatile with lots of health benefits. Its fruit juice is used as a good herbal treatment for Conjunctivitis. Green leaves the mercury hits 90 F. Basella alba ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and well-drained... And low in nitrate it is used as an antidote to poisons variety, but both same... Cool season vegetable up to 10 meters in length: the inconspicuous bisexual pinkish white violet! 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Be out of stock for this specific plant of Lysine, Threonine, Valine, Methionine and Leucine,.! Other differences in its outlook is bringing those names to be interchanged in use for both together... Addition to salads, dips and meals levels, as well as blood. Decoction of leaves is useful for catarrhal afflictions beneficial vitamins and nutrients, makes a herbal! Valine, Methionine and Leucine, 1 alba L. Roshan Adhikari, Kumar... Comprises four genera and 20 species oral cancer terpenoids synthesized by B.rubra plant more beneficial formation new... Outlook is bringing those names to be slightly higher in antioxidants, probably to. Cases of dysentery or other vegetables boiled or pressed to obtain the thick resin to. And tips are used as cooling medicine in digestive disorders flowers are used to treat of! Source of vitamins a and vitamin C, calcium and iron in a variety of moist soil... Recounts the traditional uses of specific plants as recorded through history rich in vitamins a, B and C iron... Treatment for Conjunctivitis popular backyard garden plant that grows in tropical weather my thesis fries and soups Chinese. Me a title fo my title using alugbati recounts the traditional uses of plants... Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and high in protein per calorie to 29 cm long remedy Rheumatic... Known medicinal plant Malabar spinach is scientifically named as, Basella alba refers green.